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Remote Sensing Technology and Application
    
Radiometric Consistency between Landsat 8 OLIand Sentinel-2 MSI Imagery in Mountainous Terrain
Zhong Hanxiao1,2,Bian Jinhu1,2,Li Ainong1
(1.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Chengdu 610041,China;2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China)
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Abstract  The combined use of multi\|sensor/multi\|temporal images provides more opportunities for long\|term land surface monitoring with high resolution and frequency requirements.However,as sensors differ in their orbital,spatial,or spectral configuration,uncertainty was introduced in the radiometric consistency of multi\|sourse images,and that becomes more outstanding in mountainous terrain with the sharp topographic relief.Therefore,a series of radiometric corrections need to be carry out before further application.The objective of this study was to indicate the radiometric consistency of Landsat\|8 OLI and Sentinel\|2 MSI images.Thus the radiometric differences between the corresponding bands of these two images acquired almost simultaneously by OLI and MSI over 2 areas at different latitude was calculated for the TOA reflectance images first.Then several radiometric corrections(atmospheric correction,BRDF correction and bandpass adjustment) were carried out successively and after each of them the radiometric differences were researched again to assess the performance of each correction method.The results first indicate that there is high radiometric consistency between OLI\|L1T and MSI\|L1C images with the R2greater than 0.9 for each band involved.Then higher consistency was found after the 6S atmospheric correction and C\|factor BRDF correction,while no remarkable improve was found after the fixed\|parameter bandpass adjustment.Furthermore,in area with great topographic relief,the radiometric consistency were higher for hillside facing the sun than hillside in shadow (the MAD of SWIR2 band was 0.010 and RMSD was 0.007 in sun\|light area,while the MAD was 0.005 and RMSD was 0.004 in shadowed area).The results point out that proper atmospheric correction,BRDF correction and bandpass adjustment could be used to improve the radiometric consistency,and topographic correction might also be carried out to balance the radiometric consistency differences between different hillsides.
Key words:  Landsat-8      Sentinel-2      Radiometric consistency      BRDF correction      Bandpass adjustment      Mountainous terrain     
Received:  31 August 2017      Published:  04 July 2018
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Zhong Hanxiao
Bian Jinhu
Li Ainong

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Zhong Hanxiao,Bian Jinhu,Li Ainong. Radiometric Consistency between Landsat 8 OLIand Sentinel-2 MSI Imagery in Mountainous Terrain. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2018, 33(3): 428-438.

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http://www.rsta.ac.cn/EN/10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2018.3.0428     OR     http://www.rsta.ac.cn/EN/Y2018/V33/I3/428

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