Please wait a minute...


遥感技术与应用  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (3): 415-422    DOI: 10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2010.3.415
张风丽,邵 芸
中国科学院遥感应用研究所 遥感科学国家重点实验室,北京 100101
Urban Target Monitoring Using High Resolution SAR Data
ZHANG Feng-li,SHAO Yun
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science,Institute of Remote Sensing Applications,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
 全文: PDF(1404 KB)  


关键词: 高分辨率SAR城市目标电磁散射模型三维重建    

High-resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellites will provide valuable data for urban area monitoring and promote the identification of urban targets greatly,because targets take on multi-dimension characteristics in high\|resolution SAR images.Nevertheless,urban targets become very complicated in high-resolution SAR images due to the spatial complexity of urban targets,multi-bounce scattering between adjacent targets,as well as the inherent geometric distortions and speckle noises of SAR imaging.In this paper,literature was reviewed surrounding electromagnetic scattering and SAR imaging mechanisms,fine structure extraction and 3D reconstruction of urban targets,and future research focus of this domain was analyzed.

Key words:  High-resolution SAR    Urban target    Electromagnetic scattering model    3D reconstruction
出版日期: 2010-10-20


作者简介: 张风丽(1978- )女,副研究员,主要从事雷达遥感机理与应用研究。。
E-mail Alert


张风丽, 邵 芸. 城市目标高分辨率SAR遥感监测技术研究进展[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2010, 25(3): 415-422.

ZHANG Feng-li, SHAO Yun. Urban Target Monitoring Using High Resolution SAR Data. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2010, 25(3): 415-422.


[1]Shao Yun,Gong Huaze,Wang Shiang,et al.Multi-source SAR Remote Sensing Data for Rapid Response to Wenchuan Earthquake Damage Assessment[J].Journal of Remote Sensing,2008,12(6):865-870.[邵芸,宫华泽,王世昂,等.多源雷达遥感数据汶川地震灾情应急监测与评价[J].遥感学报,2008,12(6):865-870.]
[2]Buckreuss S,Werninghaus R,Pitz W.The German Satellite Mission TerraSAR-X[C]//Proceedings of IEEE Radar Conference,2008.Rome,Italy,2008,1-5.
[3]Covello F,Battazza F,Coletta A,et al.COSMO-SkyMed Mission Status[C]//Proceedings of SPIE Conference on Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XIV.Cardiff,Wales,UK,2008,7109:710918-710918-15.
[4]Brenner A R,Ludwig R.Radar Imaging of Urban Areas by Means of very High Resolution SAR and Interferometric SAR[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2008,46(10):2971-2982.
[5]Franceschetti G,Iodice A,Riccio D.A Canonical Problem in Electromagnetic Backscattering from Buildings[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2002,40(8):1787-1801.
[6]Xia Z G,Henderson F M.Understanding the Relationships between Radar Response Patterns and the Bioand Geophysical Parameters of Urban Areas[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,1997,35(1):93-101.
[7]Franceshetti G,Migliaccio M,Riccio D,et al.SARAS:A SAR Raw Signal Simulator[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,1992,30(1):110-123.
[8]Franceschetti G,Iodice A,Riccio D,et al.An Electromagnetic Model for SAR Raw Signal Simulation of Urban Areas[C]//IEEE/ISPRS Joint Workshop on Remote Sensing and Data Fusion over Urban Areas 2001.Rome,Italy,2001,10-14.
[9]Franceschetti G,Migliaccio M,Riccio D.SAR Raw Signal Si-mulation of Actual Scenes Described in Terms of Sparse Input Data[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,1994,32:1160-1169.
[10]He Zhiming,Zhou Bo.SAR Raw Data Simulation for Urban Area[J].Journal of System Simulation,2008,20(22):6100-6102.[贺知明,周波.城市场景SAR原始回波模拟方法[J].系统仿真学报,2008,20(22):6100-6102.]
[11]Tupin F,Roux M.Markov Random Field on Region Adjacency Graph for the Fusion of SAR and Opitcal Data in Radargrammetric Applications[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2005,43(8):1920-1928.
[12]Soergel U,Schulz K,Thoennessen U,et al.Integration of 3D Data in SAR Mission Planning and Image Interpretation in Urban Areas[J].Information Fusion,2005,6(4):301-310.
[13]Dong Y,Forster B,Ticehurst C.Radar Backscatter Analysis for Urban Environments[J].International Journal of Remote Sensing,1997,18(6):1351-1364.
[14]Bolter R.Buildings from SAR:Detection and Reconstruction of Buildings from Multiple View High Resolution Interferometric SAR Data[D].Austria:University of Graz,2001.
[15]Stilla U,Soergel U,Thoennessen U.Potential and Limits of InSAR Data for Building Reconstruction in Built up Areas[J].ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,2003,58(1-2):113-123.
[16]Franceschetti G,Iodice A,Riccio D,et al.SAR Raw Signal Simulation for Urban Structures[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2003,41(9):1986-1995.
[17]Franceschetti G,Guida R,Iodice A,et al.Simulation Tools for Interpretation of High Resolution SAR Images of Urban Areas[C]//Proceedings of Urban Remote Sensing Joint Event 2007.Paris,France,2007,1-5.
[18]Xu F,Jin Y Q.Imaging Simulation of Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar for Comprehensive Terrain Scene Using the Mapping and Projection Algorithm[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2006,44(11):3219-3234.
[19]Meyer R H,Oddo L A,McDonald S P.A Software Tool to Predict SAR Signatures for Building Modeling[C]//Proceedings of Applied Imagery Pattern Recognition Workshop 2000.Washington,DC,USA,2000,245-251.[20]Hammer H,Balz T,Cadario E,et al.Comparison of SAR Simulation Concepts for the Analysis of High-resolution SAR Data[C]//Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar 2008.Friedrichshafen,Germany,2008,S.213-216.
[21]Wen Xiaoyang,Zhang Hong,Wang Chao.The High Resolution SAR Image Simulation and Analysis of the Damaged Building in Earthquake[J].Journal of Remote Sensing,2009,13(1):169-176.[温晓阳,张红,王超.地震损毁建筑物的高分辨率SAR图像模拟与分析[J].遥感学报,2009,13(1):169-176.]
[22]Brunner D,Lemoine G,Fortuny J,et al.Building Characterisation in VHR SAR Data Acquired under Controlled EMSL Conditions[C]//Proceedings of IGARSS'07.Barcelona,Spain,2007,2694-2697.
[23]Balz T,Haala N.Interpretation of High Resolution SAR Data Using Existing GIS Data in Urban Areas[C]//Proceedings of Joint Workshop of ISPRS and DAGM CMRT05 (2005).Vienna,Austria,2005,111-116.
[24]Bolter R,Leberl F.Phenomenology-based and Interferometry-Guided Building Reconstruction from Multiple SAR Images[C]//Proceedings of EUSAR 2000.München,Germany,2000,687-690.
[25]Gamba P,Houshmand B,Saccini M.Detection and Extraction of Buildings from Interferometric SAR Data[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2000,38(1):611-618.
[26]Simonetto E,Oriot H,Garello R.Radargrammetric Processing for 3-D Building Extraction from High Resolution Airborne SAR Data[C]//Proceedings of IGARSS'03.Toulouse,France,2003,3:2002-2004.
[27]Simonetto E,Oriot H,Garello R.Extraction of Industrial Str-uctures and DEM from Airborne SAR Images[C]//Proceedings of Physics in Signal and Image Processing 2001.Marseilles,France,2001,412-417.
[28]Michaelsen E,Srgel U,Stilla U.Grouping Salient Scatterers in InSAR Data for Recognition of Industrial Buildings[C]//Proceedings of 16th International Conference on Pattern Recognition 2002.Quebec City,Canada,2002,2:613-616.
[29]Quartulli M,Datcu M.Stochastic Geometrical Modeling for Built-Up Area Understanding from a Single SAR Intensity Image with Meter Resolution[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2004,42(9):1996-2003.
[30]Tupin F,Roux M.Detection of Building Outlines Based on the Fusion of SAR and Optical Features[J].ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,2003,58:71-82.
[31]Brunner D,Bruzzone L,Ferro A,et al.Analysis of the Reliability of the Double Bounce Scattering Mechanism for Detecting Buildings in VHR SAR Images[C]//Proceedings of the IEEE Radar Conference (RadarCon09).Pasadena,USA,2009.
[32]Simonetto E,Oriot H,Garello R.Potentiality of High Resolution SAR Images for Radargrammetric Applications[C]//Proceedings of CEOS'99.Toulouse,France,1999,173-178.
[33]Xu F,Jin Y Q.Automatic Reconstruction of Building Objects from Multiaspect Meter-resolution SAR Images[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2007,45(7):2336-2353.
[34]Srgel U,Schulz K,Thnnessen U,et al.3D-Visualization of Interferometric SAR Data[C]//Proceedings of European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar (EUSAR 2000).Munich,Germany,2000,305-307.
[35]Kirscht M,Rinke C.3D Reconstruction of Buildings and Vegetation from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Images[C]//Proceedings of Machine Vision Applications 1998.Makuhari,Chiba,Japan,1998,228-231.
[36]Guillaso S,Laurent F,Andreas R,et al.Building Characterization Using L-Band Polarimetric Interferometric SAR Data[J].IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters,2005,2(3):347-351.
[37]Zhao Lingjun,Kuang Gangyao.A Watershed-based Automatic Building Detection in High Resolution Airborne Urban SAR Images[J].Journal of Electronics & Information Technology,2008,30(10):2325-2328.[赵凌君,匡纲要.基于分水岭变换的高分辨率机载城区SAR图像建筑物自动检测方法[J].电子与信息学报,2008,30(10):2325-2328.]
[38]Michaelsen E,Soergel U,Thoennessen U.Perceptual Grouping for Automatic Detection of Man-made Structures in High-resolution SAR Data[J].Pattern Recognition Letters,2006,27(4):218-225.
[39]Negri M,Gamba P,Lisini G,et al.Junction-aware Extraction and Regularization of Urban Road Networks in High Resolution SAR Images[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2006,44(10):2962-2971.
[40]Lisini G,Tison C,Tupin F,et al.Feature Fusion to Improve Road Network Extraction in High Resolution SAR Images[J].IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters,2006,3(2):217-221.
[41]Gamba P,DellAcqua F,Lisini G.Improving Urban Road Extraction in High Resolution Images Exploiting Directional Filtering,Perceptual Grouping,and Simple Topological Concepts[J].IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters,2006,3(3):387-391.
[42]Bennett A J,Blacknell D.Infrastructure Analysis from High Resolution SAR and INSAR Imagery[C]//Proceedings of the Second GRSS/ISPRS Joint Workshop on Remote Sensing and Data Fusion over Urban Areas 2003.Berlin,Germany,2003,230-235.
[43]Tison C,Tupin F,Mal^tre H.Retrieval of Building Shapes fr-om Shadows in High Resolution SAR Interferometric Images[C]//Proceedings of IGARSS'04.Alaska,USA,2004,3:1788-1791.[44]Bolter R,Leberl F.Detection and Reconstruction of Human Scale Features from High Resolution Interferometric SAR Data[C]//Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Patten Recognition (ICPR00).Barcelona,Spain,2000,4:291-294.
[45]Thiele A,Cadario E,Schulz K,et al.Building Recognition from Multi-aspect High Resolution InSAR Data in Urban Areas[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2007,45(11):3583-3593.
[46]Thiele A,Cadario E,Schulz K,et al.Modelling and Analyzing in InSAR Phase Profiles at Building Locations[C]//Proceedings of IGARSS07.Barcelona,Spain,2007,5053-5056.
[47]Tison C,Tupin F,Maitre H.A Fusion Scheme for Joint Retrieval of Urban Height Map Classification from High-resolution Interferometric SAR Images[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2007,45(2):496-505.
[48]Quartulli M,Datcu M.Information Fusion for Scene Understanding from Interferometric SAR Data in Urban Environments[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2003,41(9):1976-1985.
[49]Burkhart G R,Bergen Z,Carande R,et al.Elevation Correction and Building Extraction from Interferometric SAR Imagery[C]//Proceedings of IGARSS96.Lincoln,NE,USA,1996,1:659-661.
[50]Cellier F,Colin E.Building Height Estimation Using Fine Analysis of Altimetric Mixtures in Layover Areas on Polarimetric Interferometric X-band SAR Images[C]//Proceedings of IGARSS'06.Denver,CO,USA,2006,4004-4007.
[51]Leberl F W.Radargrammetric Image Processing[M].Norwood,MA:Artech House,1990.
[52]Michaelsen E,Soergel U,Thoennessen U.Potential of Building Extraction from Multi-aspect High Resolution Amplitude SAR Data[C]//Proceedings of CMRT05 IAPRS.Vienna,Austria,2005,149-154.
[53]Simonetto E,Oriot H,Garello R.Rectangular Building Extraction from Stereoscopic Airborne Radar Images[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2005,43(10):2386-2395.
[54]Xu Feng,Jin Yaqiu.Information Retrieval and Reconstruction Based on High Resolution SAR Observation over Urban Area[J].Remote Sensing Technology and Applications,2007,22(2):287-290.[徐丰,金亚秋.城区高分辨率SAR图像的信息获取与重建[J].遥感技术与应用,2007,22(2):287-290.]
[55]Soergel U,Michaelsen E,Thiele A,et al.Stereo Analysis of High Resolution SAR Images for Building Height Estimation in Cases of Orthogonal Aspect Directions[J].ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,2009,64(5):490-500.
[56]Brunner D,Lemoine G,Bruzzone L.Estimation of Building Heights from Detected Dual-aspect VHR SAR Imagery Using an Iterative Simulation and Matching Procedure in Combination with Functional Analysis[C]//Proceedings of the IEEE Radar Conference (RadarCon09).Pasadena,CA,USA,2009.
[57]Soergel U,Schulz K,Thoennessen U,et al.Determination of Optimal SAR Illumination Aspects in Built-up Areas[C]//Proceedings of IGARSS'03.Toulous,France,2003,6:3662-3664.
[58]Meier E,Frei U,Nüesch D.Precise Terrain Corrected Geocoded Images[C]//Schreier G.SAR Geocoding:Data and Systems.Karlsruhe:Wichmann,1993.173-185.
[59]Soergel U,Michaelsen E,Thoennessen U,et al.Potential of High Resolution SAR Images for Urban Analysis[C]//Proceedings of ISPRS Joint Conference 3rd International Symposium Remote Sensing and Data Fusion over Urban Areas (URBAN 2005),5th International Symposium Remote Sensing of Urban Areas (URS 2005).Tempe,AZ,USA,2005,13-18.
[60]Bolter R.Reconstruction of Man-made Objects from High Re-solution SAR Images[C]//Proceedings of IEEE Aerospace Conference 2000.Big Sky,MT,USA,2000,3:287- 292.
[61]Tupin F.Merging of SAR and Optical Features for 3D Reconstruction in a Radargrammetric Framework[C]//Proceedings of IGARSS04.Alaska,USA,2004,1:82-89.
[62]Wegner J D,Soergel U,Thiele A.Building Extraction in Urban Scenes from High Resolution InSAR Data and Optical Imagery[C]//Proceedings of Joint Urban Remote Sensing Event 2009.Shanghai,China,2009.
[63]Zhu Junjie,Guo Huadong,Fan Xiangtao,et al.3D Reconstruction Based on High Resolution SAR and Optical Image[J].Chinese High Technology Letters,2005,15(12):68-74.[朱俊杰,郭华东,范湘涛,等.高分辨率SAR与光学图像融合的建筑物三维重建研究[J].高技术通讯,2005,15(12):68-74.]
[64]Bishop C.Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning[M].NewYork,NY:Springer,2006.
[65]Klein L A.Sensor and Data Fusion:A Tool for Information Assessment and Decision Making[M].Bellingham,WA:SPIE Press,2004.
[66]Dai Eryan,Jin Yaqiu.Reconstruction of the 3D Stereo Buildings from Polarimetric SAR Images in Two Converse Flights[J].Journal of Remote Sensing,2007,11(6):787-795.[戴尔燕,金亚秋.相向飞行全极化SAR图像对建筑物的立体重构[J].遥感学报,2007,11(6):787-795.]


[1] 汪骏,夏少波,王和平,王成,谭弘武. 基于直升机激光点云的分裂导线重建研究[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2015, 30(6): 1189-1194.
[2] 陈金星,张波,王超,雷万明,吴樊. 高分辨率SAR辐射定标中两种角反射器响应测量方法的应用对比研究[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2015, 30(4): 677-683.
[3] 王向玉,谢东辉,汪艳,陈一铭,漆建波,阎广建,张吴明. 基于地面激光雷达点云数据的单木三维重建[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2015, 30(3): 455-460.
[4] 张 波,王 超,张 红,吴 樊. SAR影像建筑物提取与高度反演研究综述[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2012, 27(4): 496-503.
[5] 王继阳, 文贡坚, 吕金建, 李德仁. 建筑物三维重建方法综述[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2009, 24(6): 832-840.
[6] 张薇,向茂生,吴一戎. 基于三维重建模型的机载双天线干涉SAR外定标方法及实现[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2009, 24(1): 82-87.
[7] 李立春,张恒,李由,于起峰. 一种基于无人机序列成像的地形地貌重建方法[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2008, 23(5): 505-510.
[8] 徐 丰,金亚秋. 城区高分辨率SAR图像的信息获取与重建[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2007, 22(2): 287-290.
[9] 陈富龙, 张 红, 王 超. 基于跨接约束的高分辨率SAR 影像与光学影像配准[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2006, 21(3): 249-252.