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遥感技术与应用  2012, Vol. 27 Issue (6): 933-940    DOI: 10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2012.6.933
遥感应用     
1979~2010年乌海市煤矿开采对生态环境影响的遥感监测
翟孟源1,徐新良2,江东2,姜小三1
(1.南京农业大学资源与环境科学学院,江苏 南京 210095;
2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101)
Remote Sensing Monitoring of the Ecological Environment in Wuhai Mining Area Since 1979
Zhai Mengyuan1,Xu Xinliang2,Jiang Dong2,Jiang Xiaosan1
(1.Nanjing Agricultural University,Resources & Environment Science Department,Nanjing 210095,China;2.Institute of Geographical Sciences and Nature Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China)
 全文: PDF(4636 KB)  
摘要:

以1979年以来多期陆地卫星Landsat MSS/TM遥感数据为基础,利用煤矿遥感影像各波段反射率远低于其他地物的典型光谱特征,提取了乌海市煤矿开采区时空分布数据集,并结合SPOT-VEGETATION NDVI数据,对乌海市煤矿开采区的变化过程以及生态环境影响进行了动态监测。结果表明:30 a来乌海市煤矿开采区扩张明显,煤矿开采区面积由1979年的2.69 km2增加到2010年的109.34 km2,净增加106.65 km2。煤矿开采过程中侵占了大量耕地、林地和草地,导致1998~2001年乌海市整体生态环境急剧恶化,全市年最大NDVI由1998年的0.2043下降到2001年的0.1231,2000年以后,乌海市煤矿开采区面积虽然仍呈增长趋势,但全市植被覆盖状况有所好转,尤其是2005~2010年植被覆盖状况明显好转,全市年最大NDVI由2005年的0.1417上升到2010年的0.2028。

关键词: 煤矿开采生态环境土地利用NDV遥感监测    
Abstract:

The temporal and spatial distribution dataset of the coal mining area in Wuhai were extracted by multi-phase Landsat MSS / TM remote sensing data since 1979 and the characteristics of spectral features of coal mining areas,which the reflectance of the each band coal mine in the remote sensing would be far lower than that of other surface features.Meanwhile,the dynamic changes in coal mining areas and its influence on ecological environment in Wuhai were monitored based on SPOT-Vegetation NDVI time-series dataset.The results indicated that the coal mining area in Wuhai increased from 2.69 km2 to 109.34 km2 during the last 30 years.and large area of cultivated land,woodland and grassland were encroached with the dilation of coal mining and led to a rapid deterioration of the ecological environment in Wuhai.The NDVI declined from 0.2043 in 1998 to 0.1231 in 2001.After 2000,although the miming area in Wuhai tended to increase,the vegetation cover improved obviously,especially during 2005~2010.The NDVI of Wuhai increased from 0.1417 in 2005 to 0.2028 in 2010.

Key words: Mining area    Ecological environment    LUCC    NDVI    Remote sensing monitoring
收稿日期: 2011-12-06 出版日期: 2013-06-25
:  TP 79  
基金资助:

高分辨率对地观测重大专项(E0203/1112/JC03),国家973计划项目(2010CB950901)。

通讯作者: 徐新良(1972-),男,山东青岛人,副研究员,主要从事土地利用/土地覆被变化及其环境生态效应研究。Email:xuxl@lreis.ac.cn。   
作者简介: 翟孟源(1985-),男,江苏南京人,硕士研究生,主要从事自然资源与信息系统研究。Email:myzhai2008@yahoo.com.cn。
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引用本文:

翟孟源,徐新良,江东,姜小三. 1979~2010年乌海市煤矿开采对生态环境影响的遥感监测[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2012, 27(6): 933-940.

Zhai Mengyuan,Xu Xinliang,Jiang Dong,Jiang Xiaosan. Remote Sensing Monitoring of the Ecological Environment in Wuhai Mining Area Since 1979. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2012, 27(6): 933-940.

链接本文:

http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2012.6.933        http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/Y2012/V27/I6/933

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