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遥感技术与应用  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (5): 782-787    DOI: 10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2014.5.0782
模型与反演     
吸光性污染物对积雪光谱反射率的影响研究
李红星1,2,李弘毅1,梁继1,郝晓华1,王建1
(1.中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所遥感与地理信息科学研究室,甘肃 兰州730000;
2.中国科学院大学,北京100049)
Effect of Light-absorbing Pollutant on Snow Spectral Reflectance in the Northern Xinjiang of China
Li Hongxing1,2,Li Hongyi1,Liang Ji1,Hao Xiaohua1,Wang Jian1
(1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China;
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China)
 全文: PDF(7857 KB)  
摘要:

积雪中存在的吸光性污染物对积雪反射率具有显著的降低作用,进而对能量平衡和气候变化有重要影响。但是,污染浓度变化如何影响积雪反射特征仍然缺乏定量描述和深入探讨。选择新疆富蕴作为典型干旱与半干旱积雪实验区,通过人工控制试验在自然积雪状态下生成不同浓度的污染雪样方,并对积雪及污染物自身的反射率进行测量。在实测数据基础上通过构建线性混合模型定量分析不同浓度条件下污染物对积雪反射率的影响力。研究结果表明:积雪反射率降低与污染浓度呈非线性关系,随着污染浓度增大,单位浓度影响力降低,在350~450 nm波段范围1 813 ppm浓度的单位影响力甚至是9 507 ppm浓度的1.5倍以上;同时发现除了污染浓度,积雪与污染物自身物理特性也是影响反射率变化的重要参数。
 

关键词: 污雪反射率污染物浓度线性混合模型    
Abstract:

Light\|absorbing particulate pollutants in snow decrease snow reflectance significantly bring important effects on energy balance and climate change.The reduction of snow reflectance due to pollutants is an important and active research topic.In this study,a controlled experiment was carried out to measure the spectral reflectance of snow,in which the different synthetic pollutant amount was added.The study area is located in Fuyun county of Xinjiang Province where the seasonal snow area is representative of arid and semiarid region,and the spectral reflectance of the snow pollutant used in our experiment was also measured.The impacts of the pollutant with different concentrations on snow reflectance were analyzed quantitatively by building a linear mixing model using measurements.The results show that the relationship between reduction of snow reflectance and the pollutant concentration was nonlinear.As total pollutant concentration increased,the impact of 1 ppm(parts per million)pollutant on snow reflectance decreased.In experiment,the impact decreased by more than one\|third when the concentration increased from 1 813 ppm to 9 507 ppm.Moreover,this study found that the physical characteristics(such as grain size and shape)of snow and pollutants also played important role in the variation of dirty snow reflectance besides of the pollutant concentration.

Key words: Dirty snow    Reflectance    Concentration of pollutant    Linear mixing model
收稿日期: 2014-03-28 出版日期: 2014-11-10
:  TP 79  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“黑碳对积雪反射率特性的影响及其遥感反演研究探索”(41201339),“非球形积雪颗粒光谱反照率的模拟、验证与应用”(41101319),“面向黑河上游水文模型集成的基于风吹雪动力学过程的积雪分布研究”(91325203),中国科学院西部之光人才培养计划西部博士资助项目“基于系统辨识方法的积雪宽波段反照率模拟研究”(29Y229D31)。

作者简介: 李红星(1981-),女,甘肃庆阳人,工程师,博士研究生,主要从事积雪污染遥感研究。Email:lihongxing@lzb.ac.cn。
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引用本文:

李红星,李弘毅,梁继,郝晓华,王建. 吸光性污染物对积雪光谱反射率的影响研究[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2014, 29(5): 782-787.

Li Hongxing,Li Hongyi,Liang Ji,Hao Xiaohua,Wang Jian. Effect of Light-absorbing Pollutant on Snow Spectral Reflectance in the Northern Xinjiang of China. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2014, 29(5): 782-787.

链接本文:

http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2014.5.0782        http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I5/782

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