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遥感技术与应用  2015, Vol. 30 Issue (3): 518-526    DOI: 10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2015.3.0518
图像与数据处理     
RFSCAT散射计数据地理定位与误差分析
刁宁辉1,孙从容1,崔倩2,吴奎桥1,张为良1,郝轶萌1
(1.国家卫星海洋应用中心,北京 100081;
2.中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所,北京 100101)
Geolocation and Error Analysis of RFSCAT Microwave Scatterometer Data
Diao Ninghui1,Sun Congrong1,Cui Qian2,Wu Kuiqiao1,Zhang Weiliang1,Hao Yimeng1
(1.National Satellite Ocean Application Service,Beijing 100081,China;
2.Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China)
 全文: PDF(5145 KB)  
摘要:

星载微波散射计是目前唯一能够同时测量海面风速和风向的传感器,在海洋科学研究中发挥着重要作用。散射计获取的地物后向散射只有经过地理定位才能得到包含地物位置信息的有效物理量。因此,散射计地理定位是数据预处理的重要组成部分,与遥感数据的质量密切相关。扇形波束旋转扫描散射计具备扇形固定波束散射计和笔形波束旋转扫描散射计的优势,目前还没有实现在轨运行。基于其工作方式的特殊性,详细分析了该散射计的扫描方式,给出了一种适用于该散射计的地理定位方法,得到了最终的定位结果。然后分析了影响定位结果的误差源,讨论了卫星姿态对于定位结果的影响情况,最终利用HY\|2卫星产品评价了该地理定位算法的相对精度指标。

关键词: RFSCAT地理定位姿态误差定位误差分析    
Abstract:

Spaceborne microwave scatterometer is the only sensor for directly measuring sea surface wind speed and wind direction at the same time,which plays an important role in marine scientific research.Objects’ backscatter coefficient can become valid physical quantity including position information by geolocation,therefore,geolocation is an important part of scatterometer data preprocessing,and is closely related to the quality of remote sensing data.Rotating range-gated fanbeam Scatterometer is combined with advantages of fixed fanbeam scatterometer and pencil beam rotating scanning scatterometer,which hasn’t been in orbit.Based on the special working type,its scanning type was analyzed in detail,an appropriate geolocation method was proposed,geolocation results were calculated,afterwards error sources were analyzed,the satellite attitude influences on geolocation results were discussed,finally the relative accuracy of geolocation was evaluated using HY-2 satellite data products.

Key words: RFSCAT    Geolocation    Attitude error    Geolocation error analysis
收稿日期: 2013-11-17 出版日期: 2015-08-14
:  TP 751.1  
基金资助:

航天关键技术预先研究项目“散射计数据定位算法研究”资助。

通讯作者: 孙从容(1968-),女,安徽合肥人,研究员,主要从事卫星数据接收、预处理及海洋遥感应用研究。Email:suncr@mail.nsoas.org.cn。    
作者简介: 刁宁辉(1986-),男,山东海阳人,助理研究员,主要从事散射计预处理研究。Email:diaoninghui@mail.nsoas.org.cn。
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引用本文:

刁宁辉,孙从容,崔倩,吴奎桥,张为良,郝轶萌. RFSCAT散射计数据地理定位与误差分析[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2015, 30(3): 518-526.

Diao Ninghui,Sun Congrong,Cui Qian,Wu Kuiqiao,Zhang Weiliang,Hao Yimeng. Geolocation and Error Analysis of RFSCAT Microwave Scatterometer Data. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2015, 30(3): 518-526.

链接本文:

http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2015.3.0518        http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V30/I3/518

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