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遥感技术与应用  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (1): 95-100    DOI: 10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2007.1.95
技术方法     
一种新的卫星多光谱图像自动配准算法
马广彬,章文毅,刘定生,陈 甫
(中国科学院中国遥感卫星地面站,北京 100086)
A New Automatic Band Registration Algorithm for Satellite Multispectral Remote Sensing Images
MA Guang-bin, ZHANG Wen-yi, LIU Ding-sheng, CHEN Fu
(China Remote Sensing Statellite Ground Station,Beijing100086,China)
 全文: PDF 
摘要:

针对小卫星独立相机多光谱成像系统波段间配准的非线性误差问题,提出了一种多光谱图像波段间自动配准算法,该算法综合利用互信息、遗传算法和MQ几何校正模型进行多光谱图像的自动配准。在算法中,以互信息作为配准的相似性度量,获得了很高的配准精度;利用遗传算法的快速搜索特性,可以较快的完成搜索并获得整体的最优解;利用MQ几何模型可以精确的建立图像之间的几何关系。试验表明该算法对于多光谱图像波段间非线性几何关系,能够取得非常高的波段间自动配准精度,整体配准误差在一个像元以内。

关键词: 互信息遗传算法图像配准几何校正控制点    
Abstract:

Satellite multi-spectral images which captured from independent camera photography system of smallsatellite have nonlinear errors in spatial position. To this complicated problem, the paper introduces an automatic registration method to match multi-spectral images automatically, in which the mutual information,genetic algorithm and MQ geometric correction models are intergraded. In its algorithm, the mutual information is used as a similarity function of the registration problem, which can achieve an accurately registration precision; and the genetic algorithms are utilized to search the optimization value fast by its characteristics of finding global optima rapidly and efficiently; Meanwhile, the MQ geometric correction models are also adopted to develop a correspondence between the input and output images quickly. From the experimental results, it seems that this method can achieve a better accurate automatic registration results in bands nonlinear geometric relationships between multi-spectral images, whose error of the entire matching is less than a pixel.

Key words: Mutual information    Genetic algorithm    Image registration    Geometric rectification    Control point  
收稿日期: 2006-07-03 出版日期: 2011-10-14
:  TP 751   
基金资助:

本工作得到国家“十五”科技攻关重大项目“地面处理系统、在轨测试及综合应用示范”(2002BA04A03)资助。

作者简介: 马广彬(1981-),男,硕士,主要从事遥感图像处理研究与应用。
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引用本文:

马广彬,章文毅,刘定生,陈 甫. 一种新的卫星多光谱图像自动配准算法[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2007, 22(1): 95-100.

MA Guang-bin, ZHANG Wen-yi, LIU Ding-sheng, CHEN Fu. A New Automatic Band Registration Algorithm for Satellite Multispectral Remote Sensing Images. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2007, 22(1): 95-100.

链接本文:

http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2007.1.95        http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/Y2007/V22/I1/95


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