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遥感技术与应用  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (1): 111-116    DOI: 10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2008.1.111
综述     
旱灾灾情监测中的遥感应用综述
郭 虎,王 瑛,王 芳
(北京师范大学环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室,民政部/教育部减灾与应急管理研究院,北京 100875)
Overview of Remote Sensing Approaches to Drought Monitoring
GUO Hu,WANG Ying,WANG Fang
(Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education,
Beijing Normal University, Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management,
Ministry of Civil Affairs & Ministry of Education, Beijing100875, China)
 全文: PDF(759 KB)  
摘要:

旱灾是我国影响范围最广的农业自然灾害。遥感是对干旱进行大面积、实时动态监测的有效技术手段。对遥感技术在干旱旱情监测中的传统方法进行了概括和汇总,应用较多的干旱旱情遥感监测方法主要有热惯量法、蒸散法、植被指数法,其中植被指数法又分为距平植被指数、条件植被指数、植被指数差异、植被供水指数、温度植被干旱指数等方法。分析了不同方法的优缺点以及它们各自的适用范围,结合当前研究的热点问题,指出随着干旱机理和MODIS数据的应用,干旱旱情的遥感监测将得到更广泛、更深入的应用。

关键词: 旱灾遥感监测    
Abstract:

Drought occurs frequently in most regions of China and seriously impacts the agriculture. Remote
sensing is the efficient method which can dynamic monitor drought at a great range of scale. This paper reviewed the current remote sensing approaches in drought monitoring and describes several methods for effective drought monitoring of large land areas, including thermal inertia, evapotranspiration and the vegetation index; Furthermore,the vegetation index includes anomaly vegetation index, vegetation condition index, vegetation index difference, vegetation supplication water index and temperature vegetation dryness index and so on. Dominances and limitations of these methods are discussed. As the application of drought mechanism combining with MODIS data,drought will be monitored in a wider scale in the future.

Key words: Drought    Remote sensing    Monitoring
收稿日期: 2007-05-14 出版日期: 2011-10-24
:  TP 79   
基金资助:

农业部资源遥感与数字农业重点开放实验室开放课题,国家科技支撑计划项目(2006BAD20B02-04)。

通讯作者: 王瑛(1974-),女,高级工程师,主要从事自然灾害信息管理、地震脆弱性研究。E-mail:wy@ires.cn。     E-mail: guohu@ires.cn。
作者简介: 郭虎(1982-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事遥感与GIS应用,灾害风险等领域的研究工作。E-mail:guohu@ires.cn。
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引用本文:

郭 虎,王 瑛,王 芳. 旱灾灾情监测中的遥感应用综述[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2008, 23(1): 111-116.

GUO Hu,WANG Ying,WANG Fang. Overview of Remote Sensing Approaches to Drought Monitoring. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2008, 23(1): 111-116.

链接本文:

http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2008.1.111        http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I1/111

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