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遥感技术与应用  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (4): 409-422    DOI: 10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2009.4.409
综述     
微波月亮-人类对月球的全新视角——中国“嫦娥一号”卫星微波探测仪若干探测结果
姜景山,王振占,张晓辉,张德海,李芸,雷利卿,张卫国,崔海英,郭伟,李涤徽,董晓龙,刘和光
国家八六三微波遥感技术实验室,中国科学院空间科学与应用研究中心,北京 100190
China Probe CE-1 Unveils World First Moon-globe Microwave Emission Map——The Microwave Moon Some Exploration Results of Chang’E-1 Microwave Sounder
JIANG Jing-shan,WANG Zhen-zhan,ZHANG Xiao-hui,ZHANG De-hai,LI Yun,LEI Li-qing,ZHANG Wei-guo,CUI Hai-ying,GUO Wei,LI Di-hui,DONG Xiao-long,LIU He-guang
National Microwave Remote Sensing Laboratory Center for Space Science and Applied Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100190,China
 全文: PDF(8975 KB)  
摘要:

中国“嫦娥一号”探月卫星自2007年10月24日成功发射并于同年11月7日进入其工作轨道。在轨工作一年多,完成了全部使命,期间获取了大量的科学数据。其中“嫦娥一号”月球微波探测仪(Chang’e-1 Lunar Microwave Sounder—CELMS)已多次覆盖全月表面,首次获取了全月微波亮温分布数据,创建了“微波月亮”(Microwave Moon—MicM)。“微波月亮”的建立为月球科学研究、宇宙科学研究、月球资源研究及应用、未来月球基地的建立等带来了全新的信息,与“可见月亮”、“红外月亮”及其它相关探测结果(如X、γ谱仪,中子谱仪)、地基探测及未来月球轨道上观测和就位探测等多方信息的融合、分析,将大大提升人类对太空、月球及宇宙起源、生命起源等问题的认识和研究水平,在人类探月活动中具有里程碑意义。
在“嫦娥一号”卫星微波探测仪绕月探测之前,从来没有从月球轨道对全月球进行微波探测的活动。很多涉及月球微波特征研究,如月表微波亮温分布、月壤厚度及氦-3资源量分布信息、涉及月球历史等的研究多数是靠Apollo、Luna的落月点实测数据为依据,加上其它探测(如光学等)结果融合分析并逻辑延伸而得来的,因此其结果存在相当的多解或不确定性,这就使我们对月球微波辐射特性的真实情况了解很少,甚至可能有偏差。着重讨论“微波月亮”的含义,其相关信息内涵,几种特征区、点的分析等。根据微波探测仪的数据,获得了全月月壤厚度分布、氦-3资源量评估、全月亮温及其变化规律等研究结果,得出了一些与现今其它研究结果不同的结论。

关键词: 月球微波遥感微波亮温月壤厚度微波月亮    
Abstract:

Chang’e-1 Microwave Sounder (CELMS) is a main payload of Chang’e-1 Moon Orbit Satellite in the first stage of China Lunar Probe.CELMS is a four frequency microwave radiometer with frequencies 3 GHz,7.8 GHz,19.35 GHz and 37 GHz.During the one year and four months' working in lunar orbit,it got huge scientific data covering full moon surface was got and moon globe microwave emission feature world was obtained firstly,besides,for the first time in the world,the microwave brightness temperature map in globe scale was achieved and the Microwave Moon (MicM)was established.MicM consists of a moon globe microwave brightness temperature map,lunar pole microwave anomalies feature map and some featured area microwave emission feature maps.
In this paper,some new results from MicM analyzing was given,especially the new features of lunar far-side world first,such as the microwave brightness temperature of far-side is much lower than that of near-side,which may be concerned with geological feature of far-side and the evolution history of the moon.The regolith layer thickness of far-side is much thinner than near side while the dielectric constant of area 40°S~70°S and 150°W~150°E is fairly low,which shows that the dielectric constant of this area is very high.
The CELMS result shows that the moon globe regolith depth is 5~6 meters in average and 3He is closer to 1 million tone.

Key words:  Moon    Microwave remote sensing    Regolith depth    Microwave Moon(MicM)
收稿日期: 2009-04-21 出版日期: 2010-11-29
作者简介: 姜景山(1936-),男,研究员,博士生导师,中国工程院院士,主要研究领域为微波遥感航天应用工程。
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引用本文:

姜景山,王振占,张晓辉,张德海,李芸,雷利卿,张卫国,崔海英,郭伟,李涤徽,董晓龙,刘和光. 微波月亮-人类对月球的全新视角——中国“嫦娥一号”卫星微波探测仪若干探测结果[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2009, 24(4): 409-422.

JIANG Jing-shan,WANG Zhen-zhan,ZHANG Xiao-hui,ZHANG De-hai,LI Yun,LEI Li-qing,ZH. China Probe CE-1 Unveils World First Moon-globe Microwave Emission Map——The Microwave Moon Some Exploration Results of Chang’E-1 Microwave Sounder. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2009, 24(4): 409-422.

链接本文:

http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2009.4.409        http://www.rsta.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I4/409

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